No matter how severe a brain injury is, it is something you should seek immediate medical attention for. However, some forms of brain injury require more immediate attention. It is important to understand these signs so you can take the quick action you need.
When dealing with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in particular, there are certain physical and behavioral red flags to keep an eye out for.
Physical signs and complaints
Mayo Clinic provides expertise on how to spot the signs of a brain injury. First, pay attention to the physical signs, which are often the easiest to notice. Note if the victim suffers from disordered consciousness, such as blacking out or passing out. They may even fall comatose. Next, look for signs of physical distress such as unevenly dilated pupils or clear fluid draining from the ears or nose.
Pay attention to any complaints they may voice, too. Do they complain about a headache that increases in severity over time? Do they talk about numbness or tingling in their hands and feet? Take them seriously if they complain about feelings of nausea or dizziness as well.
Finally, note their behavior. Many TBI victims will display an unusually high amount of confusion or disgruntlement. They may not remember how they got into the current situation. They could grow agitated with little provocation and may lash out at others. They might also stubbornly refuse to get treatment.
In some cases, the confusion and brain injury will result in an emotional breakdown. Just keep in mind that the victim does not have much control over their behavior at this point and seek medical help regardless of what they say they want.